Make C++ array of objects iterable in Python

Make C++ array of objects iterable in Python

I have searched on the web and didn't get success. I'm wrapping the sample code below to Python (using SWIG):
class atomo {
public:
    int i;
    atomo(int a) {
        i = a;
    };      
};

class funa {
public:
    atomo *lista[3];

    funa() {
        lista[0] = new atomo(1);
        lista[1] = new atomo(2);
        lista[2] = new atomo(3);
    };
};

But Python can't iterate over or access lista using the comands
>>> test = myModule.funa()
>>> test.lista[0]
      Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "", line 1, in 
      File "", line 6, in __iter__
      TypeError: 'SwigPyObject' object is not subscriptable

>>> for i in test.lista:
>>>     print(i)
      Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "", line 1, in 
      File "", line 6, in __iter__
      TypeError: 'SwigPyObject' object is not subscriptable

How can I make lista iterable? There is a way to use Python lists instead of C++ arrays?
My Python version is 3.2 and I'm using SWIG 2.0.4 with g++ 4.6.1
Thanks 

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

It’s a little unclear from your question if you want to use std::vector or an array of your own types.

For std::vector, given some C++ like:

#include <vector>
#include <string>

struct foo {
  std::string name;
};

inline std::vector<foo> test() {
  std::vector<foo> ret;
  foo instance;
  instance.name = "one";
  ret.push_back(instance);
  instance.name = "two";
  ret.push_back(instance);
  return ret;
}

You can wrap it with %template, pyabc.i and std_vector.i e.g.:

%module test

%{
#include "test.h"
%}

%include "pyabc.i"
%include "std_vector.i"

%include "test.h"

%template (FooVector) std::vector<foo>;

which will behave intuitively on the Python type. You’ll need to call SWIG with something like:

swig -python -c++ -py3 -extranative test.i

If the idea is to wrap a “custom” container to behave intuitively on the Python side I gave a detailed example in a previous answer.

Answer 2:

You might want to solve this on the Python side instead of the C++/SWIG side for simplicity.

# wrapper/facade
class Funa:
    def __init__(self):
        self._impl = myModule.funa()   # _impl => implementation

    def __iter__(self):
        for i in xrange(3):
            yield self._impl.lista[i]

test = Funa()
for x in test:
    print(x)

Answer 3:

A similar approach to larsmans is to have Funa.__iter__ return a generator object. Then you would only need to add to the interface SWIG creates. (With his wrapping, you would have to wrap every other method, or play with __getattr__.) Roughly it would be like this

class Funa:

  class FunaIter :
    def __init__(self, parent) :
      self.parent = parent
      self.pos = 0

    def __iter__(self) :
      while self.pos < 3 :
        yield self.parent.lista[self.pos]
        self.pos += 1

  def __iter__(self) :
    return self.FunaIter(self)

This should be simpler to insert into your SWIG file using the %extend and %pythoncode directives.

Also, SWIG has wrappers for STL containers, so perhaps using those, you can easily obtain the necessary item getters.

References

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